Professionalism in planned landscaping: design and implementation
We are all familiar with humanized landscape spaces where everything seems to work well together. We say that a certain city is charming or picturesque, what we probably mean is that we subconsciously feel certain compatibility qualities that attract us. Other places of clutter, confusion, pollution, bad taste or bad planning are ugly and bother us. If we were traveling these would be bypassed. We would prefer not to live in or near them. The negative qualities of these places are those we would try to eliminate in any replanning process, the positive qualities are those we would strive to retain. It seems to follow as a guiding principle that to preserve or create a pleasant site, all the various elements or parts must be brought into harmony. If the completed project seems to blend into the landscape, it is the happy result of inspired design rather than the misguided goal of an uninspired designer.
Natural strengths, shapes and characteristics
If our planning is fundamentally a studied attempt to improve our surroundings, it would seem logical to proceed with full awareness of the sweeping sun, air currents, peaks and valleys of the earth, strata of rock and soil, vegetation, lakes and streams, watersheds and natural drainage channels. If we neglect them, we will create countless unnecessary frictions and costs and prevent those fitness and compatibility experiences that can bring so much pleasure and satisfaction to our lives.
Main elements of the landscape
There are dominant forms, features and forces of the natural landscape that we can only slightly alter. We have to accept them and adapt to them and our planning. These unchanging elements include topographic shapes such as mountain ranges, river valleys and coastal plains, features such as precipitation, frost, fog, water table and seasonal temperatures, and forces such as winds, tides, sea and air currents, growth process, solar radiation and gravity.
As a landscaper, we must recognize their potential effect on our planning and then, if we are wise, shape our plants mindfully and in response to constraints and possibilities. Such considerations are fundamental to the placement of cities, the zoning of a community, the alignment of highways, the siting of industries, or the orientation and layout of a home or garden.
Minor landscape features
There are also minor landscape elements that we as planners can modify – such as hills, groves and streams. In their planned development, there are four general lines of action.
Each site corresponds to an ideal use.
Site Selection: If it is a question of marrying a proposed function to a site, let us first make sure that the parts are compatible. There are structures that seem alien to their location. These structures can be excellent and well planned; the overall result is disturbing and unpleasant.
It would obviously seem foolish, for example, to situate:
?A school overlooking an arterial thoroughfare.
?A roadside restaurant with zero approach sight distance.
?A mall without sufficient parking.
An important function of a planner is to guide the correct site selection for a project.
Alternative sites: As advisers, we must be able to weigh the relative merits of the alternative situation. First, it is clear that we must know what we are looking for. We must list the features of the site that we believe are necessary or useful for our proposed project. After narrowing our choice to several alternative plots of land, we will then analyze them in detail. An ideal situation is one that, with the fewest modifications, should fully meet the requirements of the project.
Site analysis: After site selection, we have two concerns that can be addressed simultaneously: Program Development and Site Analysis.
To achieve this objective, to plan a project intelligently, one must first understand its nature. It is essential that we develop a comprehensive program. Through research and investigation, we must curate an accurate and detailed list of requirements on which we can base our design. For this, we can consult all the people interested in the project and make free use of their knowledge and opinions – with the owners, with the potential users; with maintenance staff; with planners of similar understanding; with our collaborators; with anyone who can contribute constructive thought. We will look to history for applicable principles. We will try to combine the best of the old with the best of the new.
While the program requirements are studied, we must investigate and analyze the selected location, not just the specific area contained within the appropriate boundaries, but the total site, which includes the environment to the horizon and beyond. . The surveyor must carry out all work necessary to accurately determine the physical conditions existing on the site. He should prepare a map of the given area.
1. Survey title, property location, scale, north point and date.
2. Draw parcel boundary lines, routes and distances, calculate and indicate area.
3. Build retreat lines.
4. Names and locations of existing streets on or abutting the lot.
5. Position of buildings and other structures.
6. Location of all site construction including walls, fences, roads, walkways, curbs and driveways.
7. Location of water bodies, watercourses, springs, swamps or swamps and drainage ditches.
8. Contours of wooded areas.
9. Road elevations.
10. Ground surface elevations.
11. Location and direction of drainage, manholes, telephone lines, power lines, etc.
Features of the garden that we must know
1. Annual border.
5. Border – (Herbaceous/Annual Mixed/Mixed Borders).
6. Carpeted bedding.
8. Conservatory or fern.
11. Forcing the house.
12. Glass House/ Green House.
13. Garden ornaments (Bird baths, statues, topiary, aquarium).
15. Vegetable garden.
18. Palm grove.
20. Potted plants/houseplants/indoor plants.
22. Roof garden.
24. Rock garden (alpine + non-alpine).
28. Terrace gardening.
1. Paths: The smallest type of road for one person to walk Width of 90-120cm. These may include:
1) A general course.
2) Brick paths.
3) Stone paving.
4) Crazy paving.
5) Grass paths.
7) Tanning in the sun.
8) Wooden boards, tiles.
Walks: These are intended for 23 people to walk and should have a width of 180 cm.
Roads: These are intended for car traffic or other heavy traffic. The width of the roads should be 10 to 20 feet.
Fences: Anything that separates your garden from the environment or separates one part of the garden from another. These can include a living fence and a non-living fence.
Beds: Any land necessary for the cultivation of any type of plant. Lawn is a type of bed but specialized.
Hedges: Plants and shrubs planted at regular intervals to form a continuous screen.
Carpet bedding: Cover an area (a clump) or a series of clumps with dense, low herbaceous plants according to an overall plan.
Annual border: A specialized type of bed in which we grow plants that complete their life cycle in one season.
Borders: The beds are longer than wide and contain plants of heterogeneous characters.
Border: Lining of borders of flowerbeds, paths, lawns and shrubs with brick, concrete, live plants.
Lawns: Special type of beds on which a person can walk. These are defined green carpet for a landscape.
Shrub: Shrub: Woody, semi-woody, or herbaceous perennials, has several branches from the base of the plant and no distinct truck and no more than 5-6′ tall.
Trees: Woody plant with a spreading crown. Any woody perennial plant reaching a height of more than 4 meters and up to 7 meters.
Climbers: Plants with special structures for climbing on supports. These are used on arches and pergolas in the city and as protective premises against adjacent houses.
Avenues: Rows of roadside trees to provide shade and beauty.
Terrace gardening: Terrace area of wooded land built around a dwelling house or in the corner of the garden or on the side of a hill.
Rooftop gardening: On the roofs of the houses and the balcony (Cactus, orchid, dahlia, Chrysanthemum etc.) limits.
Color: It is the visual sensation produced by different wavelengths of light.
Warm and cool colors: Reds, oranges and yellows stimulate, attract and excite. We associate these colors with fire, danger, heat, the sun. Green and blue are soothing, cool and restful. We associate them with grass, water and the sky. Artists generally use cool and warm colors to create a sense of balance and unity.